THE MANHATTAN PROJECT

Julia, Karim, Fady, Claire.....


Why was it called the Manhattan Project? The Manhattan Project was the title of the development of the first nuclear weapons during World War II. It started with the U.S Army Corps of Engineers, whose center of operations was in New York City Hall in Manhattan. It's original name was to be the “Laboratory for the Development of Substitute Materials,” however it was changed to avoid attention. The project was under the management of General Leslie R. Groves, while the scientific research was controlled by American physicist, J. Robert Oppenheimer. It began after Einstein wrote a warning letter to US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, explaining that the Nazi's might be building Nuclear Weapons. In the end, the Manhattan Project had utilized more than 130,000 people and spent almost $2 billion dollars. It contributed of about 10 sites, in locations which contained laboratories for splitting the atom or warehouses holding uranium. This Wiki provides information about the people that took part in this project, as well as offering information about the bombs themselves and other relevant details.[1] [2]


Groves.jpgThose Involved:


General Leslie Groves[3]

Director of Manhattan Project.

oppy.jpg
J. Robert Oppenheimer[4]
Appointed by Groves to head Las Alamos National Laboratory.
"After the bomb J. Robert Oppenheimer told the president, 'Mr. President, I have blood on my hands'."


parsons1.jpg

Rear Admiral William Sterling Parsons[5]
Associate director for the Los Alamos Laboratory &
later Commander of the Hiroshima bombing mission.

truman.jpg
President Truman[6]
President in office during the drop of the bombs, which Controversy
arose in his decision due to the Germans already having surrendered.

bush.jpg
Vannevar Bush Started National Defense Recourse Committee (N.D.R.C) &
chaired the Military Policy Committee in the Manhattan Project.



Equipment Used:



The "Little Boy"[7]The bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6th 1945. SB50.jpg


The "Fat Man"[8]
The bomb which was dropped on Nagasaki on August 9th 1945. external image Fat_man.jpg

The main differences of the two bombs are their obvious disparity in size, and the set up of the bomb. Little Boy used an internal cannon
to shoot something into a clump of uranium to compress it, and Fat Man used a ball of plutonium that was coated in a "shape charge"
that was to explode and compress it.[9]

Cloud made by the bombUSAmanhattan.JPG
external image tibbetswar.jpg The Enola Gay[10]
The B-29 airplane used in the bombing of Hiroshima, named after the mother of
the 509th Composite Group commander and pilot of plane, Colonel Tibbets.


Relevant Places:



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Bombing sites in Japan[11]
250px-Japan_map_hiroshima_nagasaki.png
600px-Manhattan_Project_US_Map.png
Manhattan Project sites[12]




Other:




Sites Used:

"The Manhattan Project." cfo.doe.gov. U.S. Department of Energy. 13 Sep 2008 <http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/hiroshima.htm>

"The Manhattan Project." National Atomic Museum . 2003. U.S. Department of Energy. 13 Sep 2008 <http://www.atomicmuseum.com/Tour/manhattanproject.cfm>

"Manhattan Project." National Atomic Museum . 13/09/08. Wikipedia. 13 Sep 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manhattan_Project>

http://1heckofaguy.com/wp-content/photos/Fat_man.jpg

http://www.mottsmilitarymuseum.org/images/highlights/tibbetswar.jpg

Broad, William, J. "Science ." nytimes.com. 30/10/07. NY Times. 13 Sep 2008 <http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/30/science/30manh.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&oref=slogin>

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAmanhattan.htm



This page will be made by:
Fady Samaan
Claire Williams
Julia Marie Jazynka
Karim Abadir


..........
  1. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manhattan_Project
  2. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/30/science/30manh.html?_r=2&oref=slogin&oref=slogin
  3. ^ http://www.atomicmuseum.com/Tour/manhattanproject.cfm
  4. ^ http://www.atomicmuseum.com/Tour/manhattanproject.cfm
  5. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Sterling_Parsons
  6. ^ http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/hiroshima.htm
  7. ^ http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/hiroshima.htm
  8. ^ http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/hiroshima.htm
  9. ^ http://au.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080602083941AAJJCil
  10. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/bombings-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki
  11. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/bombings-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki
  12. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manhattan_Project